Quantity surveying of review literature. He is displeased with being obliged to walk a-foot, or to endure the fatigue of riding on horseback. In a recent striking address, Prof. Is not this like acting? I must then look out for some other latent cause in the rabble of contradictory pretensions huddled together, which I had not noticed before, and to which I am eventually led by finding a necessity for it. Milton’s prose-style savours too much of poetry, and, as I have already hinted, of an imitation of the Latin. The want of tact, the bringing in of that which has no relevance to the circumstances or the ideas of the moment, is an excitant of laughter for men of all levels of culture. No one object or idea therefore ought to impel the mind for it’s own sake but as it is relative to other things, nor is a motive true or natural in reference to the human mind merely because it exists, unless we at the same time suppose it to be stronger than all others. But I cannot conceive how he can have the same necessary, absolute interest in whatever relates to himself, or in his own pleasures and pains, generally speaking, whether he feels them, or not. His taste, even, becomes less certain as he fixes it on individuals within his period. I confess, however, that I admire this look of a gentleman, more when it rises from the level of common life, and bears the stamp of intellect, than when it is formed out of the mould of adventitious circumstances. Mathematicians and natural philosophers, from their independency upon the public opinion, have little temptation to form themselves into factions and cabals, either for the support of their own reputation, or for the depression of that of their rivals. As on the Continent, sorcery and witchcraft were regarded as crimes of such peculiar atrocity, and the dread they excited was so universal and intense, that those accused of them were practically placed beyond the pale of the law, and no means were considered too severe to secure the conviction which in many cases could only be obtained by confession. We cannot say that we reach the whole number of citizens until we really do reach them. Every attempt of this sort must be light and ineffectual without first ascertaining (if that were possible) the manner in which our ideas are produced, and the nature of consciousness, both of which I am utterly unable to comprehend. The sonnet of Shakespeare is not merely such and such a pattern, but a precise way of thinking and feeling. Or would it refuse to run at all? The structure of such a society is fairly illustrated by the incident which Gregory of Tours selects to prove the kingly qualities of Clovis. Savdlat begins the poetic duel in these words: SAVDLAT AND PULANGIT-SISSOK. Maeterlinck has a literary perception of the dramatic and a literary perception of the poetic, and he joins the two; the two are not, as sometimes they are in the work of Rostand, fused. At the same time any one summoned to compurgation, and appearing before the judge without compurgators, was _ipso facto_ pronounced infamous. A serf of the Abbey of Marmoutiers married a serf who had been given by the Viscount of Blois to one of his retainers named Erbald. Contents Introduction ix The Perfect Critic 1 Imperfect Critics— Swinburne as Critic 15 A Romantic Aristocrat 22 The Local Flavour 29 A Note on the American Critic 34 The French Intelligence 39 Tradition and the Individual Talent 42 The Possibility of a Poetic Drama 54 Euripides and Professor Murray 64 Rhetoric and Poetic Drama 71 Notes on the Blank Verse of Christopher Marlowe 78 Hamlet and His Problems 87 Ben Jonson 95 Phillip Massinger 112 Swinburne as Poet 131 Blake 137 Dante 144 The Perfect Critic I “Eriger en lois ses impressions personnelles, c’est le grand effort d’un homme s’il est sincere.”—_Lettres a l’Amazone._ Coleridge was perhaps the greatest of English critics, and in a sense the last. Tell exactly what they mean. And for sensibility wide and profound reading does not mean merely a more extended pasture. How can we be more of the people than we are to-day? Only it has never occurred to them to think that this literature, much of it perhaps expensive or inaccessible, can be obtained at the public library. He fancies himself constantly employed in making calculations and in doing many strange acts, all necessary parts of _his mighty_ task of paying the national debt, which abstracts him from all external objects, and from all consciousness to his own bodily sensations Observation 12th.—That the correspondence between the 175 present and previous habits of mind, are, in most cases, and certainly in this, most striking On the effects of heat and cold, and the changes of 175 temperature in the insane That we are not to mistake, which is often done, the mind, 175 in a state of abstraction, being insensible to the external changes of temperature, for the physical system being unaffected by their action That the changes and unequal diffusion of heat correspond 176 with the general and particular state of the mind, and that in cases of pure intellectual abstraction, and in those excited by the bad passions, it is very different, and in cases of gradual decay of mind, it is altogether defective To discriminate those differences is necessary to regulate 179 our treatment according to the exigencies of the case Observation 13th.—On the effects of intense study and 180 general intemperance of the mind That when study is blamed, I have often found that the 180 intemperate feelings, wicked and irregular habits, were the real causes That proper mental exercise is as essential to the health 181 as bodily exercise That it is a great error to suppose such exercise injurious 182 or discountenanced by religion, provided always the mind is under the influence of right motives Case No. To bring down this account then from the ancients to the moderns. ‘Apply the most cutting remark to him, and his only answer is, “_The same to you, sir_.” If Shakespear were to rise from the dead to confute him, I firmly believe it would be to no purpose. Indeed, one of our living writers suggests that “as literature review of quantity surveying the world becomes more decorous humour becomes tongue-tied and obsolete”. Even if we grant that the “gelasts” are getting reduced to the dimensions of a petty sect, the consideration need not deter us from choosing laughter as our theme. Again: _Oio_, to catch. What violently jars with this is viewed as legitimate game for ridicule. They put the mind into a machine, as the potter puts a lump of clay into a mould, and out it comes in any clumsy or disagreeable shape that they would have it. Are libraries, indeed, introducing too much organization into the work–is it becoming too machine-like? After a little use and experience, all looking-glasses cease to be wonders altogether; and even the ignorant become so familiar with them, as not to think that their effects require any explication. How high it can soar in faith! What is cast into the oven of oblivion to-morrow may to-day be arrayed, beyond all the glories of Solomon, in aptness of allusion and in fitness of application. There are regions of civilisation where, so far as literary expression gives us the key, laughter seems to remain at, or at most only a little above, the level of the child’s simple merriment. In the first addition of my _Myths of the New World_ published in 1868, I asserted that the story of the city of Tula and its inhabitants, the Toltecs, as currently related in ancient Mexican history, is a myth, and not history. Valery whether the “aim” of Lucretius’ poem was “to fix or create a notion” or to fashion “an instrument of power.” Without doubt, the effort of the philosopher proper, the man who is trying to deal with ideas in themselves, and the effort of the poet, who may be trying to _realize_ ideas, cannot be carried on at the same time. The conclusions to which the above study leads may be briefly summarized as follows: 1. It was suggested, I believe, by the Abbe Brasseur (de Bourbourg). Executive ability? The third lacustrine formation is at the village of Mundsley, and is distinguished from the other cliffs by its dark muddy appearance. The immunity of freedmen is likewise shown by the cancelling of any manumission conferred for the purpose of preventing torture for evidence. Theodoric, however, allowed his Roman subjects literature review of quantity surveying to be governed by their ancient laws, and he apparently had no repugnance to the use of torture when it could legally be inflicted. As our analysis would lead us to expect, we find in the truly humorous writer the mellowing influences of good nature and sympathy, and a large understanding and acceptance of that against which he pokes fun. The absence of the passive in most American tongues is supplied by similar inadequate collocations of words. Perhaps, too, in our terribly serious purpose of conferring the blessing of an incorporation into a world-wide empire upon reluctant peoples of all degrees of inferiority, we are losing sight of the conciliatory virtue of that spirit of amicable jocosity, the value of which, as we have seen, was known to some who had to do with savage peoples. He naturally runs up to the sufferer to express his concern for what has happened, and to make every acknowledgment in his power. No injunctions will be necessary; they will not cease to read until they have devoured the utmost sentence. Thereafter when we wish to see whether a library is run as conservatively as the typical ones selected, its statistics would be used to substitute for _x_, _y_, _z_, etc., and the value of R thus obtained would be compared with the actual cost. 1. I had ‘_Love for Love_’ in my pocket, and began to read; coffee was brought in in a silver coffee-pot; the cream, the bread and butter, every thing was excellent, and the flavour of Congreve’s style prevailed over all. A pretty clear illustration of laughter directed to fellow-tribesmen is supplied by the merriment that is said to accompany athletic and other competitions in which skill is tested. As they seldom live in the same family, however, though of more importance to one another than to the greater part of other people, they are of much less than brothers and sisters. Hence they have no idea either of mental or aerial perspective. Humour, as we have seen, sometimes does the like, though in its laughter at the social scene it is neither passionately vindictive nor concerned with the practical problem of reforming a world. By that institution, the most secret actions, and even the thoughts of every person, which could be suspected of receding in the smallest degree from the rules of Christian purity, were to be revealed to the confessor. The king and his courtiers, awed by this divine interposition in favor of innocence, threw themselves at the feet of the saint, who pardoned them and retired to the wildest region of the Asturias, where he passed the rest of his days as an anchorite. It does this by means of the pulpit, the press, and the educational agencies which help to circulate new ideas through all classes. Homeric epics tell of the kind of fighting that every Greek knew at first hand. Thus about the year 1100 a sacrilegious thief named Anselm stole the sacred vessels from the church of Laon and sold them to a merchant, from whom he exacted an oath of secrecy. The great man feels himself defined and separate from the world, a nomad amongst nomads, and as a true microcosm he feels the world already within him.” The really great men, the Kants, the Descartes, Leibnizs or Spencers, and the greatest artists are wholly creative, purposive, dynamic; they owe no allegiance to the masses, for they are greater than the masses; they realize all without reflecting all; they seek nourishment where they will, and they spew out what they will; this perfect freedom is necessary for the attainment of truth. In morals, again, Protestants are more precise than their Catholic brethren.